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Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Diseases and pests of seedlings and adult plants. Small flowering plants, such as sweet alyssum, dill, cilantro, fennel, and rosemary, attract parasitic wasps and flies that prey on aphids, caterpillars, stink bugs, and leaf-footed bugs. Leaves may also have gray or brown spots that are rounded or oval-shaped. Back to Top For chemical disease management, see products labeled for use on home garden eggplant in the tables below. Bacterial Wilt/Southern Wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) Plants affected by this bacteria disease are in … Other eggplant bugs that affect these plants include: The best way to deal with eggplant bugs is by using collars and row covers until the plants are large enough to withstand attacks, at which time insecticidal soap can be used to alleviate pest problems. Japanese varieties are slender and elongated with a thin, darker purple skin. Look for varieties of peppers, eggplant, and okra that are resistant to wilts and other diseases. UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines. Table 3. Table 4. Preventing and controlling plant diseases is key to growing healthy plants. Some of the most common include blossom end rot, wilt diseases, and various types of blight. To prevent eggplant bugs, it may also help to keep weeds and other debris to a minimum and rotate crops every other year or so. Phomopsis blight commonly attacks and rots the fruit.Dr. We recommend Bulls-Eye™ Bioinsecticide to prevent Flea Beetles. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Proper plant spacing allows air to flow between plants, promoting faster drying of foliage following rain or dew. Eggplant cultivation,Brinjal improved varieties, and commercial importance agrojiva. American varieties are oblong or globular with a dark purple skin. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Diseases, pests and problems for garden Eggplant. The spot may be depressed on the outside of the fruit. Small amounts of feeding damage often go unnoticed, though populations may occasionally build up to problematic levels. Several sclerotia are present.Justin Ballew, ©2020, Clemson Extension. Several other varieties can be grown in the home garden as well. As they feed, they secrete a sticky waste known as honeydew. When growing eggplants, space them about a foot or two apart, as they can become rather large. Proper crop rotation is important in helping to avoid the buildup of soilborne pathogens. In larger gardens, chemical control may be necessary. Small Holes On Leaves - What Are Flea Beetles? Powdery Mildew. Inspect the leaves daily and pick out caterpillars that will eat the leaves. Pick the insect off the plant and squish it or drop it in a bottle of soapy water. Water frequently enough to keep the soil moist but not saturated. A. Chewing insects that feed on aboveground plant parts They consist of various colors and sizes, all of which can add unique flavor to many recipes or as stand-alone side dishes. Choose Resistant Varieties. Eggplant Field. They use their chewing mouthparts to feed, leaving behind little more than the large leaf veins. Phytophthora blight (caused by Phytophthora capsici or P. nicotianae) is a water mold that may attack eggplant roots, leaves, stems, or fruit. Insecticidal soap sprays are best applied in the early morning or the late evening to slow drying time. 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