causes of food insecurity in nigeria


A lack of food security is forced upon them. As agricultural seasons are repeatedly missed and livelihoods abandoned, the … Nigerians lack enthusiasm for local products and often consider them inferior to imported food products. For example, many developing countries don’t have the specific education needed to know that certain chemicals, such as pesticides, insecticides, and herbicides, should only be applied during certain, According to Abraham Maslow in his theory of psychological needs postulated that food is the important basic need of man. Most of the people involved in threatening the security of Nigeria are … Resources Control Struggle: 5. 1. It is common for low-income households to experience food insecurity, as poverty is the principal cause of food insecurity and consequently malnutrition . Thus, variables with mean scores responses greater than or equal to 2.05 were regarded as perceived causes, while responses with mean values equal to or less than 1.95 were not regarded as perceived causes of household food insecurity. As agricultural seasons are repeatedly missed and livelihoods abandoned, the humanitarian caseload builds and the number of people on the brink of, Character Analysis Of A Good Man Is Hard To Find, The Consequences Of Global Warming And Climate Change, Character Analysis Of Mal Reynolds And Serenity. The respondents also indicated that perceived causes of their food insecurity were mainly, poor extension services, large family size and poverty. The amount of food insecure households is highest in the rural region of Borno in Nigeria. The study found that the root causes of food insecurity include: poverty, corruption and national policies that do not promote equal access to food for all; and also that the … The wet season lasts between May and early October while the dry season lasts between November and April. The size of land that a household cultivate directly affects their production and hence food security. This results in households having food security problems. Despite this, more than half of the country lives below the poverty line. However, it should be noted that consuming mostly carbohydrate containing food could result to malnutrition. Materials and Method: Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting 120 respondents for the study. Chad is Africa’s 5th largest, INTRODUCTION Insecurity in Nigeria. Attempt was made to give an overview of the fundamental threat pose by insecurity of food on the people; these include: a moral and humanitarian threat, developmental ... University of Benin, PMB 1154, Benin City, Nigeria. One-third of children under five are stunted. Although, Ngema et al.12, Haile et al.13 and Saidu14 have critically examined the causes of household food security, however, the policy implications for achieving sustainable food production among rural farming households have not been properly elaborated. According to the 2006 census, Kano state is the most populous state in the country with a population of 9,383,683 people, 75% of who are involved in agriculture, which is the mainstay of the state17. Insecurity is a major challenge to development in the country. Kano state has 44 local government areas. To get the mean values used for the decision rule, 0.05 was added to 2 and also subtracted by 2 to give 1.95. Perception of the number of times household feed daily: Figure 1 shows that the majority (86.7%) of the households ate three times daily, while 10.8% of them ate twice daily. Current levels of food insecurity in the four countries reflect continued underinvestment in agriculture and livelihoods within the wider humanitarian and development fields. We also highlight the causes of insecurity in Nigeria. This finding can be beneficial to policymakers as it would enable them to understand the underlying causes of food insecurity so as to formulate effective polices for ensuring adequate food security. Causes of Insecurity in Nigeria: #3: Corruption. Food insecurity is caused by various reasons. This further lends credence to the worsening food security situation in the area as noted by Dirorimwe18 in Irohibe and Agwu11. Current levels of food insecurity in the four countries reflect continued underinvestment in agriculture and livelihoods within the wider humanitarian and development fields. People don’t choose food insecurity. Also, about 69.2% of the respondents consumed vitamins, which includes fruits, green leafy vegetable, carrots and salad among others, while 48.3% consumed fats and oil, which includes butter, palm oil and groundnut oil among others. The respondents were asked to indicate the types of food produced and consumed by them in the last one year. The remaining 20.0% believed it had been a little better. These figures were added and further divided by 5 to get mean score of 2. Though the majority of the respondents ate three times daily, but they consumed mostly carbohydrate containing foods such as rice, Tuwo shinkafa, cornflour, gero and yam, among others. On the other hand, food insecurity is generally associated with fluctuations in a household’s own food production4. It is quite an uphill task discussing the driving factors for food insecurity in Nigeria. On the other hand; food security ... Borno and Yobe states, excluding other northeastern states in Nigeria. There is urgent need for policy makers in Kano state to implement pro-poor agricultural policies that would reduce farmers’ vulnerability to food insecurity. The major cause, however, for much of the food insufficiency in Nigeria is the conflict and violencewhich has been largely due to ethnic and religious tensions in the northeast of the country. FOOD SECURITY. This study discovered that poor extension services, large household size and unstable government policies were major causes of the rural farming households’ food insecurity situation. ‘Do or Die’ Politics: 3. An inquiry will be made into the causes of food insecurity in Nigeria and then globally. In Chad there is no food security, because not everyone has enough food to eat. According to Ecker and Breisinger6, such short-run measures involve interventions to assure that the poor have access to food through various forms of real-income transfers, such as rations, food aids and subsidised distribution of food. As agricultural seasons are repeatedly missed and livelihoods abandoned, the … Also, access to various inputs needed for agricultural production is limited. Although Nigeria, the giant of Africa, describes her heterogeneity as a situation of “Unity in Diversity”, it has become, INTRODUCTION Improving food production and sustainability in Kano state typically requires the recognition that food insecurity is a cross-sector challenge at multiple levels and as such is central to overall development. This is worse during a public health emergency such as … According to Ziervogel et al.19, adequate food utility includes how often meals are eaten and of what they consist. Causes Of Food Insecurity In Nigeria 1107 Words | 5 Pages. Across the border of Niger and Nigeria… Malnutrition is a plague of its own, it has multiple physical side effects and causes of its own. Introduction Iranica J. In Yemen, 18.8 million are in need of assistance, and in South Sudan, over 40% of the population is in need of food urgently, while 100,000 are in imminent danger of death by starvation. STATEMENT OF FINDINGS Population displacement has left locals in the Diffa region of Niger food-insecure. Insecurity in Nigeria: Causes, Effects, and Solution. This has the potential to raise efficiency in food crop production and increase farmers’ sustainability of food. It is quite an uphill task discussing the driving factors for food insecurity in Nigeria. Also, the acquisition of fragmented land, mainly through inheritance affects agricultural production and poses a constraint to sustainable food security. 5. Since the households in the study area have low extension contact in a year, they may have limited knowledge in agricultural technology techniques needed to boost food production. The major causes of household food insecurity include: Poor extension services (M = 2.46), large family size (M = 2.34) and poverty (M = 2.28). Food insecurity is a multifaceted problem. Poverty For individual households, poverty is the driver of food insecurity. Food insecurity, poor conditions of health and sanitation and inappropriate care and feeding practices are the major causes of poor nutritional status. In the past, various opinion leaders have proffered secession as the permanent solution to internal crisis and terrorism in the country. Incomes affects households ’ consumption in Nigeria: a multi-stage random sampling technique was.. And early October while the dry season lasts between November and April is quite an uphill task discussing the factors. Insecurity were mainly, poor conditions of the planet in a household cultivate affects... Situation requires that particular factors which affect rural farming households differently must be and! 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