iceland gender equality laws


90/2004. Of equal importance is the empowerment of women; the steady build of a culture that allows women to make choices for both their own benefit and the benefit of society as a whole. At the time, she firmly told the national press, "It is not acceptable that women or people in general are a product to be sold.". Fathers brought their children to the workplace (nurseries and schools were closed due to the lack of staff), the newspapers were unable to print (typesetters were almost always women), shops remained closed, telephone exchanges were left unanswered and even some radio broadcasts were forced to shut down. Having made the decision to return to the remainder of her family in Iceland, Unnur secretly commissioned the building of a ship which she later captained to the shores of her homeland. One of the protest’s ambitions was to prove how indispensable women are to the working life of Iceland’s economy. In tertiary education, the gender gap has in fact been reversed, with more women attending university than men. To strike a woman would largely mean death for the aggressor. Icelandic society immediately felt this absence. While not perfect, Iceland is a much more welcoming place today to discuss alternative gender issues than it was when the first transgender person came out. Must you speak Icelandic to work here, and what are the working conditio... Justin Bieber came to Iceland to make the music video I'll Show You in 2015. Iceland is also on the forefront of equality when it comes to the LGBTQIA community, so that individuals that identify as non-binary gender are as much a part of the society as anyone else. She sees the law as the logical continuation of Iceland's history around gender equality. The legislation applies to employers with 25 or more staff, and requires businesses to obtain equal pay certification from accredited auditors. Adored by Icelanders the country over, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir is to this day very well aware that her victory came off the back of the 1975 Women's Day Off. For the first century it was only for women, but in 1977 the first man attended it and it now educates both men and women. Where do you need to travel to find the most spectacular waterfalls? The New Year ushered in a new wage policy in Iceland, where it is now illegal for companies to pay men more than women for the same job. Iceland officials say the pay gap could be eliminated entirely as soon as 2022. Despite the fact she achieved only a narrow margin of a victory, her popularity quickly soared, securing her three later re-elections. These wards are staffed by specialised nurses, psychiatrists and support staff, as well as a team of lawyers to provide legal assistance and a line of communication to the police and the courts. Iceland is a progressive Nordic welfare state. In 2009, Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir was elected as Iceland’s first female prime minister and, coincidentally, the world’s first openly gay head of state. In 1920, the age barrier to voting eligibility for women was removed entirely. Act on the Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men. Which mountains are the most beautiful mountains in Iceland, where are they located and what kind of mountains can you find in Iceland? This is the reality of wage disparity in 2017. There has been significant progress made in the prosecution of domestic abusers however. Túngata 14 | 101 Reykjavík | Sími 552 2720 | info[at]humanrights.is, Notes on Iceland's Fourth periodic report on implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and political rights Pursuant to Article 40 of the Covenant, Notes on Iceland's Combined Seventeenth and Eighteenth Periodic Reports on Implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, Notes on Iceland's Third Periodic Report on the Implementation of the Convention Against Torture, Notes on Iceland's Sixth Periodic Report on the Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. The campaign itself is focused on the double standards regarding the censorship of the female breast and the sexualisation of women's bodies. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Reynold Brown. Aside from this situation, women were constrained to a domestic life, their duties confined to child care, clothes making, food preparation and housekeeping. Are there any historical turf houses left in Iceland, and where can you find t... Guide to Iceland | The Story of the Leading Travel Agency of Iceland, 5 Reasons Not to Behave Like Justin Bieber in Iceland, The Ultimate Guide to Turf Houses in Iceland, A Snapshot of Iceland | Facts, Figures & Information, World Economic Forum’s survey for gender equality, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Magnus Fröderberg, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Johann Baptist Zwecker, sorceresses to servant girls to Goddesses, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Reynold Brown, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by the Delaware Art Museum, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Fr. There is still much to be done, of course. Officials plans to make the pay gap a thing of Icelandic history by 2022 gender equality One Country Is Making Sure All Employers Offer Equal Pay to Women By ... Once the legislation is introduced, it is expected to pass easily into law and take effect by 2020. Within five years of the first Woman’s Day of Protest, Iceland had the world’s first democratically elected female head of state, President Vigdís Finnbogadóttir. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Fr. Discrimination on the basis of perceived or actual gender identity is illegal, and those who transition can change their names and genders on all legal documents without issue. This law includes information on gender equality for government and businesses to follow. Iceland's commitment to gender equality is as strong today as it has ever been. This is just one example of how women in Norse society could be granted a greater level of respect and freedom than their European counterparts. Throughout her tenure as a President, she vigorously pursued the development of girl's education, coined the expression "never let the woman down" and acted a role model for young Icelandic women. 90/2004. An equal pay law, as recently implemented in Iceland, would help women aspire to better economic stability and better professional development. You May Like. By 1904, Iceland had achieved home rule, lessening the crown’s influence over the country. One year later, this percentage has dropped to a remarkable 3%. And although the gender gap at work does not end there, it would be a big step for companies to begin to know the advantages of labor equality in terms of employee profitability and well-being. There is still a lot of work left to be done, but Icelanders continue to lead the charge to full-scale gender equality, building a society that is just, fair and sets an international reputation. This is why many policymakers are examining how Iceland, which enjoys a relatively strong economy, … The 9th-century settler Unnur Ketilsdottir (aka; “Aud the Deep-Minded”) was left widowed in Scotland after her husband was betrayed. Proving why it's the top country in the world when it comes to gender equality, Iceland's new law guaranteeing wage parity for women went into effect on January 1, 2018. As governments are slowly turning their focus from raw GDP-driven measurements toward well-being criteria when judging economic success, the demand for progressive social justice policies is increasing. More than that, it cemented her reputation as a woman of action. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Magnus Fröderberg. Under her command were twenty crewmen, made up of slaves and prisoners all looking to flee home. In 1918, Iceland became a sovereign state, finally cutting all ties with Denmark and declaring independence in 1944. In 1989, Anna Kristjánsdottir was forced to move to Sweden to receive any support at all. With that, Gunnar was overwhelmed by his enemies and killed in his home. The laws state that the National University Hospital of Iceland is obligated to create a department dedicated to diagnosing gender dysphoria, as well as performing sex reassignment surgery (SRS). Iceland is considered the top country in the world fort what concerns gender equality, women's rights and discrimination. Laws That Make Iceland The Most Gender-Equal Country In The World yahoo.com - MAKERS India. The policy requires companies with more than 25 employees to certify that they pay equally, regardless of gender or ethnicity. If you are a woman, the best country in the world to live is Iceland. List of issues concerning Iceland and the implementation of the convention against torture. By making this change, the organisers hoped the rally would earn mass support and would also avoid having participants disciplined by their employers. In 2015, 94% of cases reported to the police were dropped. Vigdís Finnbogadóttir has not been the only woman to push the boundaries of leadership in Icelandic politics. The Nordic nation is the first to make pay equality mandatory for both public and private firms. There are a number of examples, however, that provide some insight into the independent-mindedness and strength of women in medieval Iceland, particularly the Laxdæla saga and Brennu-Njáls saga. None of Business Iceland’s members have openly criticised the new law, Sigurðsson says. This is why Iceland ranks first for gender equality It ranks fifth out of 144 countries on a gauge of “wage equality for similar work”. A major turning point in the global fight for gender pay parity was marked on January 1, 2018 when a new Icelandic law on pay certification came into force. A 2015 survey also showed that almost half of the women working in the service industry have experienced sexual harassment of one kind or another. "Then I'll recall," she said, "the slap you gave me, and I don't care whether you hold out for a long or a short time." Hallgerður was allowed to go free, though she was roundly condemned for her actions. The orgiansation of gender equality work in Iceland The Minister of Social Affairs is in charge of the implement-ation of the gender equality legislation, but the Centre for Gender Equality is responsible for its administration. In 1975, Icelandic women had grown tired of their lack of representation and inferior pay scales. They were also protected by law from unwanted attention or violence. Both men eventually perished fighting over her hand in marriage, and though she still deeply loved Gunnlaugr, she was quickly married off to another man. Women managed the finances of the household, ran the farmstead in their husband’s absence and could become wealthy landowners in widowhood. ACT on Maternity/Paternity Leave and Parental Leave, No. Council of Europe's Commissioner for Human Rights Report on Iceland 2005, The protection of Human Rights in the Hungarian Fundamental Law, Hate Speech - an overview and recommendations for combating it, Overview of the case law on the prohibitation of discrimination of the ECJ and ECtHR, Act on the Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men. Helga the Fair is another example of how women were perceived through the eyes of medieval Icelanders, found in Gunnlaug's saga. In 2016, the 40th anniversary of the gender equality law, the Alþingi made amendments to the existing legislation, handing down stricter punishments for domestic abuse and stalking. After successfully completing an 18-month process, including living 12 months in accordance with their gender, applicants appear before a committee of professionals. Under the new rules, companies… After some discussion between the various women’s rights organisation, a strike was finally agreed, though the word ‘strike’ would be replaced by ‘day off’. The sagas are filled with stories about women goading their husbands to take action, vengeance if need be, to protect the familial honour. She would later settle land, run a farmstead and give charitably to her supporters. A year after their formation, the group could boast a parliamentary petition of over 2000 signatories. Helga was a woman of exceptional beauty, caught in a love triangle between the noble warriors Gunnlaugr Ormstunga and Hrafn Önundarson. In Iceland, such discrimination has been prohibited by law since 1961. A divorced single mother, her presidency took the world by surprise in the less liberally minded 1980s, with international headlines reading quite simply "WOMAN ELECTED PRESIDENT.". How do you sleep during the... Iceland is a country of many amazing waterfalls, but which are the best ones? Scandinavia’s development in this area has been put down to a number of factors, namely that all four countries above achieved 99% literacy rate for both sexes a number of decades ago. Social movements, pressure groups and businesses boomed, providing Iceland with a strong middle class and laying the groundwork for the activism to come. Twenty-one years later, women were eligible to represent these bodies. In 1845, the Danish Crown allowed the re-establishment of the Alþingi, later expanding its influence as a legislative and financial body. "Everyone has some mark of distinction," said Gunnar, "and I won't ask you again.". Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Magnús Ólafsson. As a transgender rights activist who prefers non-gendered pronouns, they write about genderqueer rights for Huffington Post, help to spread information about non-binary people, and aid genderqueer rights around the world. "My life depends on it," he said, "for they'll never be able to get me as long as I can use my bow." There is also a woman’s shelter for women and children who have suffered violence at home. Laws requiring businesses to prove they are paying men and women equally have come into force in Iceland. Gender Equality in Iceland Stepping Stones 1850 Equal inheritance rights for men and women 1882 Widows and single women gain local suffrage 1886 Girls can enter secondary school 1900 Married women gain the right to control their income and personal property 1907 Icelandic Women’s Rights Association founded 1908 Women gain local suffrage and the right to hold local office 1908 The first … In Brennu-Njáls saga, the imposing warrior Gunnar struck his wife, Hallgerður Höskuldsdóttir, after she sent a slave to steal bread from a nearby farm. Gender equality—the right to equal opportunities and resources regardless of gender—is both a fundamental human right and one of the foundations for a prosperous and harmonious planet. On Gender Equality. The Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men is the reason gender equality is a hallmark of Icelandic culture. “I’m not a man and I never have been and my principle has always been not to try to act like a man.”Vigdís  Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland (1980-1996). On the 24th October, approximately 90% of the female population went on their professional and domestic strike for the Woman's Day Off. ENG / Laws & Conventions / Icelandic Law / On Gender Equality. The 19th and 20th century was a time of great change in Iceland, culturally, politically and socially. Are there waterfalls all around the country? Parliamentarians discussed women’s suffrage on numerous occasions and were found to be in favour of it, proposing legislation quickly turned down by the more conservative Danish Crown. Given the famine at the time, this was considered a grave crime. These traits can be traced back to Iceland’s history as a seafaring nation. Icelandic Law. By many measures, Iceland leads the world in gender equality (Credit: Getty Images) “Most countries have equal pay laws: the UK established them in … Throughout the sixties and seventies, grassroots activism had begun to take hold as the primary method for promoting civil liberties and instigating social change. She was instrumental in leading the charge against sexual violence and rape. Later in the saga, Gunnar’s house is surrounded by enemies, an assault he can at first withstand thanks to his superior archery. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Rob C. Croes, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir held the position of President of Iceland for sixteen years, making her the longest serving female president from any country to date. Now, it just became the first country to legalise equal pay: a new law, in fact, makes it illegal to pay men more than women. Instead, downtown Reykjavik was filled with cheering, pots banging, whistles, protest signs. Iceland is no exception. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Helgi Halldórsson. Guðrún Jónsdóttir of Stígamót, a Reykjavik organisation campaigning against sexual violence, said of the prime minister, "Johanna is a great feminist in that she challenges the men in her party and refuses to let them oppress her. This landmark piece of legislation will make Iceland the first country in the world to truly enforce equal pay between women and men. By 1920, 20% of the population resided there and an urban centre began to form. Throughout this time, women’s suffrage was beginning to take hold. The tiny island nation consistently tops the World Economic Forum’s annual Global Gender Gap report. Women still have less economic power than men, earning 14% to 18% less on average. Women in the Icelandic sagas are mentioned fairly rarely but take a variety of roles, ranging from sorceresses to servant girls to Goddesses. Statistics demonstrate that only a handful of rape victims report their crimes to the police and, from this, an even smaller number of convictions are made. Academics have argued this position as the instigator arose from the woman’s inability to break through these gender roles themselves. This has almost been the case for two decades, with analysts pointing to the large scale female participation in the labour force, the closing pay gap and the opportunity for women to rise to positions of corporate and political esteem. The Gender Pay Gap = not Cool! Although Bieber fell in love with the country and decided to come back the following y... What are Icelandic turf houses? Iceland’s prime minister discusses what gender means for rethinking the economy. Though she was initially reluctant to run, Vigdis was soon convinced by her fellow countrymen to prove women could successfully run a campaign and win. Traditionally, the men were away from the family at sea, either fishing or participating in Viking raids, leaving their wives and families at home. Daily chart Iceland leads the way to women’s equality in the workplace. While there is still progression to be made in terms of the recognition of trans and genderqueer individuals, Iceland allows platforms for these people to represent themselves freely. Iceland was ranked first in the World Economic Forum's 2015 Global Gender Gap Index, followed by Norway, Finland and Sweden. To continue forward, the Icelandic government ran a gender-equality conference aimed at only men, with the important message that their participation is also required to help solve prevalent inequalities. This is largely down to the Keeping The Windows Open project, a UN side-mission that directly collaborates with the police. With the UN having declared 1975 a ‘Women’s Year’, it was the radical feminist movement the Red Stockings who first proposed the idea of a strike, not only to commemorate the occasion but to finally make a statement. National court decision. Graphic … Rights Groups Express Concerns How has Guide to Iceland changed since its conception? Violations of gender equality are adjudicated by the Complaints Committee on Equal Status, whose members are appointed by the minister of social affairs and social security, who also appoints members of the Equal Status Council, which makes recommendations for improving workplace equality. Outside of the Women's movement, she was a keen spokesperson for environmental issues and was instrumental in setting up the Reykjavik Summit, a crucial meeting held between Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980s that helped to bring a close to the Cold War. Recent legislation also means that domestic abusers, or those accused, can be removed from the household. Women in sport get a lot of media coverage, and have many great supporters of both individuals that watch them compete and bigger companies that back them with funding. As they in 1975, men and women took to the streets of Reykjavik to make their voices heard. In 2015, the Free The Nipple campaign took ahold of Iceland in support of a female student who revealed her nipple on her own Twitter page and was bullied by another student because of it. Iceland - Minister of Education, Science and Culture found in breach of Gender Equality Act in appointing Permanent Secretary (104 KB) Gender Equality Complaints Committee ruled that the Minister of Culture had violated the Gender Equality Act when appointing the Permanent Secretary Publication date: 30 September 2020. Since the 1960s, women have reached close to equal footing in the workforce, and numbers are still steadily growing. This fight for progress is nothing new. Iceland is committed to closing the gender pay gap by 2022, building on its proven track record on advancing gender equality. Howell, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Magnús Ólafsson, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Þorleifur Þorleifsson, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Rob C. Croes, Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Helgi Halldórsson, Intimately experience the world's northernmost capital by booking a, Get to know gay rights in Iceland by reading, Find out more about Icelandic culture by reading. Ugla is the former chairperson of Trans Iceland, a part of the '78 Association, Iceland's LGBTQIA rights group. The first outright political woman’s right organisation was founded in Reykjavik in 1894, the Icelandic Women’s Association. The World Economic Forum 2020 report says Iceland is the most gender-equal … Discover a wide range of Mountain Tours Why not join this Mo... How can you find a job in Iceland? Above you can see Ugla Stefanía Kristjönudóttir Jónsdóttir give a talk about non-binary gender and the obstacles they still face in society today, at a TEDx talk in Reykjavík. However, there is … Gender equality laws exist with extended maternity and paternity leave and affordable childcare that promote societal balance. In 2009, even the percentage of women elected members of parliament surpassed that of men. How were they built, what were they like to live in, and when did they stop being used? Helga lives the remainder of her life grieving for her fallen lover. As of 2017, for the seventh year running, Iceland has topped the World Economic Forum’s survey for gender equality. Modern legislation is also perceived to be more advanced, with mandatory paternal and maternal leave for parents, making the balance between family and working life shared more easily between partners. But as our latest ranking shows, there is still progress to be made. Still, it continued despite women’s strike in year 1975 and as years and … To put it another way, given the scale of one working day, women stop earning a salary at 14.53PM. The fight for progress is ongoing and uphill. As of 2010, strip clubs, prostitution and profiting off the nudity of employees have all been made illegal. she said. Upon their arrival in Iceland, Unnur granted her crew their freedom and secured her position as a respected, merciful leader. In 1917, women were granted the same rights over their children as men. Its new session of Parliament has the highest share of women parliamentarians yet, at about 45 per cent, and 6 per cent of Icelandic men are HeforShe champions. There were exceptions to this, however, an excellent example of which can be found in the Laxdæla saga. Since her return, she has become recognised as a pioneer for transpeople, and celebrated for her bravery. Besides the Soviet Union and Mexico, Iceland was the first nation to legalise clinical abortions - it was also the first not to retract that decision at a later date. In 1907, the group held a petition of over 11,000 signatories, signed by men and women from across the island. Women make up 66% of graduates from University, hold 30 of the country’s 62 parliamentary seats (48%), and elected their first female prime minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir from 2009 to 2013. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by the Delaware Art Museum. The medieval law book Grágás lays down these societal differences in writing, citing that women may not wear men’s clothes, cut their hair short or carry weapons, amongst others. The legislation came into force on Monday, January 1st. In 2015, Iceland celebrated 100 years of women having the vote. Labour unions and equal right advocates are quick to point out that, effectively, wage disparity means women in Iceland stop earning before their male counterparts; given the scale of a year, women would stop earning a salary on November 10th. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Þorleifur Þorleifsson. Iceland … The gender pay gap, namely the higher salary men receive compared to women for work of the same or equal value and that can only be understood as a negative bias against women – is a worldwide problem of gender discrimination. In 2000, Iceland had also introduced a path-breaking parental leave policy, leading to its ranking as the best country in the world for gender equality by the World Economic Forum, for nine consecutive years. When does the midnight sun take place in Iceland? Abortions were made legal in Iceland on the 28th January 1935, marking the way for a modern abortion legalisation policy. Since her reign as president, the country has passed laws requiring businesses that have more than 15 employees to document and prove that they pay women equally. The protest was so successful, in fact, that Iceland has kept up the tradition, hosting a Woman’s Day Off in 1985, 2005, 2010 and 2016. More often than not, women were known for their role as an ‘inciter’. The first organisations centred on women in Iceland were formed in the latter half of the 19th century. Iceland has long been known for its reputation on gender equality, and has ranked at the top of the Gender Equality Index since 2009. What are Iceland’s most significant employment sectors, and what is the unemployment rate? The first steps toward change had been taken. There was no specific political goals mentioned by the group, though the group’s formation itself sparked an awakening in Icelandic culture and birthed a litany of other movements. Icelanders are rightfully proud of these progressive statistics, but prouder still of the continuing fight for progress and the refusal to accept government compromises. Public breastfeeding is considered completely normal in Iceland, the best example perhaps being when an MP breastfed her baby during parliament in 2016 that made international headlines. What were they built, what were they built, what were they like live. Is as strong today as it has ever been time, women reached. Right organisation was founded in Reykjavik, funded in part by women ’ s from., Gunnar was overwhelmed by his enemies and killed in his home local and parish elections law Sigurðsson. Of employees have all been made illegal Trans Iceland, culturally, politically and socially came into in! S movements from abroad protected by law from unwanted attention or violence reported to the Keeping the Open... Men, earning 14 % to 18 % less on average, Icelanders had begun move! 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