messier 81 facts


Messier 22: Sagittarius Cluster NASA #22. Messier 96 The apparent place here taken, is that of a small star between the two nebulae, which was differentiated with 29 Ursae Majoris, and every care taken in the reduction. Messier 110: Edward Young Star. The Cigar Galaxy, also known as Messier 82 (M82), is a famous nearby starburst galaxy located in the constellation Ursa Major. Unrelated objects have been edited out. The galaxy's large size and relatively high brightness also makes it a popular target for amateur astronomers. The distance was later corrected using data from ESA’s Hipparcos satellite. Image: Anttlers at wikipedia.org. Toggle Navigation. Bode's Galaxy (M81) as photographed by the HST. This is a lovely face-on galaxy that is easily seen in small telescopes. Toggle Navigation . These cookies do not store any personal information. There may be even more! He described the pair as “two small nebulae 3/4 degrees separated,”  noting: On December 31, I found through the seven-foot telescope, closely above the head of UMa, east near the star d at its ear, two small nebulous patches separated by about 0.75 degrees, the positions of which relative to the neighbored small stars are shown in the tenth figure. Nevertheless antiparticles at some distance range dominate. Image: Wikisky, Messier 81 location. Messier 10 There are 21 stars located in the constellation of Ursa Major, which host planets. Messier 88 Messier 81 is the largest galaxy in the M81 Group. Messier 74: Phantom Galaxy The galaxy lies at an approximate distance of 11.8 million light years from Earth and has an apparent magnitude of 6.94. Image: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA). Messier 81, also known as Bode’s Galaxy, is a bright spiral galaxy situated at around 11.8 million light-years away from us. Messier 87, also referred to the abbreviation M87, is a supergiant elliptical galaxy. This is a lovely face-on galaxy that is easily seen in small telescopes. Messier 109 Messier 58 Messier 67: King Cobra Cluster Messier 75 The galaxy’s angular size is about the same as that of the Full Moon.This image combines data from the Hubble Space Telescope, the Spitzer Space Telescope, and the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) missions. Due to its proximity to Earth, large size, and active galactic nucleus (which harbors a 70 million M☉[5] I could determine the separation of Alpha to d as 2deg 7′, to Rho as 5deg 2′ and to 2 Sigma as 4deg 32′ with some accuracy; Beta was too faint and disappeared from my eyes as soon as I shifted apart the halves of the objective glass. Toggle Navigation . First off, the reason its arms are so wispy, extended and pink is because Messier 81 is an interacting galaxy: gravitationally disrupted by its neighbors and characterized by cosmic violence. Messier 81. Messier 25 April 30, 2009 "Missing Link" Found Here we see two different views of the spiral galaxy, Messier 81. Messier 56 These two mighty galaxies in the Plough (Ursa Major) belong to some of the most famous and beloved galaxies known to amateur astronomers. Learn Messier 81 facts for kids. In 1779, Pierre Méchain and Charles Messier reidentified Bode's object. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Here we see two different views of the spiral galaxy, Messier 81. by admin; 2019-09-10 2020-09-10; Dubhe, Alpha Ursae Majoris (α UMa) is a spectroscopic binary star with an apparent magnitude of 1.79, located at an approximate distance of 123 light… Read More » Dubhe. Messier 89 Messier 81, or Bode's Galaxy, is a Spiral Galaxy Located in the Constellation Ursa Major Final Dimensions (width x height): 16" x 16" This photographic print is digitally printed on archival photographic paper resulting in vivid, pure color and exceptional detail that is suitable for museum or gallery display. [10][11] The general explanation is that the hot, short-lived blue stars that are found within star formation regions are very effective at heating the dust and thus enhancing the infrared dust emission from these regions. Several other members of the M81 Group, including the Cigar Galaxy (M82), are located in the same region of the sky. Messier 31: Andromeda Galaxy A line drawn through three stars in the sp [south preceding, SW] to a fourth in the nf [north following, NE] passes directly through the nebula. Messier 81 was discovered by Johann Elert Bode in 1774. It has an active galactic nucleus (which has a supermassive black hole).For these reasons Messier 81 has been well studied by professional astronomers.The galaxy is large and very bright. Messier 69 Messier 46 M81 este una dintre cele mai bune exemple de galaxii spiralate, cu brațe aproape perfecte până în centru. Messier 81. The magnificent spiral arms of the nearby galaxy Messier 81 are highlighted in this NASA Spitzer Space Telescope image. Messier 81 and Messier 82 can both be easily seen using binoculars and small telescopes. It was catalogued as Messier 87 because it was the eighty-seventh member of his catalogue. Messier 26 The galaxies M81, M82 and NGC 3077. Messier 42: Orion Nebula M81 is located at a distance of 12 million light-years. Messier 44: Beehive Cluster Messier 82 and Messier 81 make a striking pair when observed in small telescopes. The Cigar Galaxy can be seen 38 arc minutes north of M81. [7] Thus, it is sometimes referred to as "Bode's Galaxy". Messier 81 (Bode’s Galaxy). Messier 81 is the largest member of the M81 Group of galaxies, a group that contains 34 galaxies located in Ursa Major. * NGC 3628: Hamburger Galaxy This discovery supports Einstein’s relativity theory that states black holes of all sizes have similar properties. Messier 83: Southern Pinwheel Galaxy Messier 81 - M81 - Bode's Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy) M81, also known as Bode's galaxy, is a large bright spiral galaxy located 11.8 million light-years away in the constellation of Ursa Major. Messier 32: Le Gentil Messier 3 Image: NASA/JPL-Caltech/D. Charles Messier en Pierre Méchain het dit in 1779 herontdek en Messier het dit daarna in sy katalogus van komeetagtige voorwerpe opgeneem. 82 M. can be brought into the north part of the same field of view, although they are half a degree apart. It is about 12 million light-years from Earth. The dynamic duo, Messier 81 and 82 (ground-based) This wide-angle image taken by astrophotographer Robert Gendler shows the amazing duo of Messier 81 (right) and Messier 82 (left). Messier 41 Bode’s Galaxy is quite bright, having an apparent magnitude of 6.94. Stars: A guide to the night sky. The central bulge of this galaxy is significantly larger than the Milky Way 's bulge. Messier 81 occupies an area of 26.9 by 14.1 arc minutes of apparent sky, which corresponds to a linear diameter of about 90,000 light years. Taken together, this sample is the first time that young star streams have been discovered in the disks of galaxies millions of light years distant, filling in the “missing link” in the evolution of galaxy disks. The magnificent and dusty spiral arms of the nearby galaxy Messier 81 are highlighted in these NASA Spitzer Space Telescope images. M87 contains about 12,000 globular clusters compared to the 150-200 orbiting the Milky Way. The best time of year to observe M81 is during the spring. Messier 45: Pleiades Messier 90 Messier 53 This website uses cookies to personalise content and ads, and to analyse user traffic. Messier 81. This interaction has caused star formation to increase tenfold compared to "normal" galaxies. The Hubble data were taken at the blue portion of the spectrum. A gamma-ray burst is the most violent type of explosion in the universe. Observations of SN 1993J have indicated that types Ib and Ic were triggered by explosions of giant stars through processes similar to those seen in type II supernovae. Messier 65 Messier 81 (M81, NGC 3031) in Ursa Major is one of the most conspicuous galaxies in the sky, and one of the nearest beyond the Local Group. A supernova was observed in Bode’s Galaxy in 1993. Messier 103 Bode’s Galaxy is home to over 250 billion stars. [10][11] This interstellar dust is found primarily within the galaxy's spiral arms, and it has been shown to be associated with star formation regions. Messier 81 – the Bode Galaxy Welcome back to Messier Monday! The galaxy's angular size is about the same as that of the Full Moon. Home; Brightest Stars; Star Names; Star Facts. The starburst activity is thought to have been triggered by interaction with neighboring galaxy M81. It was discovered by M. Bode at Berlin on December 31, 1774, & by M. Méchain, in the month August 1779. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Messier 73 Messier 62 The gravitational influence of M81 has left all three galaxies stripped of hydrogen gas. Messier 81 is one of the brightest galaxies in the sky. It was discovered by Charles Messier on March 18 1781. Messier 102: Spindle Galaxy Recently, M82 has undergone at least one tidal encounter with M81. Image – X-ray: NASA/CXC/Wisconsin/D.Pooley & CfA/A.Zezas; Optical: NASA/ESA/CfA/A.Zezas; UV: NASA/JPL-Caltech/CfA/J.Huchra et al. He published a catalogue of 103 objects that had a nebulous appearance. Image: IAU and Sky & Telescope magazine (Roger Sinnott & Rick Fienberg), Messier 1: Crab Nebula * Maia Nebula Scientists are astounded at the speed that the M87 jet has as it spews material from its black hole. Messier 64: Black Eye Galaxy M81 – Bode’s Galaxy. In Messier’s time a nebula was a term used to denote any blurry celestial light source.. Even so, the unprocessed infrared image was still dominated by the light from the smooth, older disk of the galaxy rather than the faint tracks of young stars. M81 is located at a distance of 12 million light-years. It is about 12 million light-years from Earth. Messier 40: Winnecke 4 Messier 11: Wild Duck Cluster The two galaxies can easily be seen in binoculars and small telescopes, but are not visible to the naked eye. The X-ray observation shows how the supermassive black hole at the center of the galaxy is lighting things up. Observing the galaxy in the infrared is the only way to directly see the youngest stars, since the shroud of dust and gas that surrounds them is opaque to visible light, but transparent in the IR. The galaxy is to be found approximately 10° northwest of Alpha Ursae Majoris along with several other galaxies in the Messier 81 Group. Messier 81 has two well resolved spiral arms that contain large quantities of interstellar dust, associated with numerous starburst regions. Messier 81 (M81), also known as Bode’s Galaxy, is a grand design spiral galaxy located in the constellation Ursa Major. Bode’s Galaxy was named after Johann Elert Bode, the German astronomer who discovered it on December 31, 1774, along with the nearby Cigar Galaxy. Messier 97: Owl Nebula At an apparent magnitude of 6.8 it is just at the limit of naked-eye visibility. Messier 13: Hercules Globular Cluster Messier 55: Summer Rose Star Messier 104: Sombrero Galaxy That great ball of fire in the sky is the center of the solar system, our reason for being. Each of these arclets represents a young star stream in the disk of the galaxy. [12], Only one supernova has been detected in Messier 81. Messier 81 is about 10° northwest of Alpha Ursae Majoris. Messier 81: Bode's Galaxy Coordinates: 09h 55m 33.2s, +69° 03′ 55″, Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams, Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg, "STIS Spectroscopy of the Central 10 Parsecs of M81: Evidence for a Massive Black Hole", "The Globular Cluster Systems of Five Nearby Spiral Galaxies: New Insights fromHubble Space TelescopeImaging", NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: Bright Galaxy M81 (20 June 2002), Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Messier_81&oldid=1002477466, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 17:15. Messier 17: Omega Nebula SN 1993J was classified as a type IIb supernova, a transitory class between type II supernovae, caused by explosions of giant stars, and type Ib supernovae, triggered by the core collapse of massive stars. It is high in the northern sky in the constellation Ursa Major, the Great Bear. Messier 19 Messier 100 From locations north of +21 degrees they are circumpolar and therefor… Messier 47 Bode’s Galaxy Is around half the size of our Milky Way galaxy, having a diameter of 90,000 light-years. Messier 81 (also known as NGC 3031 or Bode's Galaxy) is a spiral galaxy.It is in the constellation Ursa Major.It is large. These galaxies are best seen from the Northern Hemisphere during the months of March, April and May. Messier 16: Eagle Nebula Initially, it looked more like a type II supernova (a supernova formed by the explosion of a giant star) with strong hydrogen spectral line emission, but later the hydrogen lines faded and strong helium spectral lines appeared, making the supernova look more like a type Ib. Messier 51: Whirlpool Galaxy 3-inch telescopes show M81 as a hazy, bright oval-shaped patch of light, while 6-inch telescopes reveal the galaxy’s bright core surrounded by a faint halo. Messier 81 Credits: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) Discovered by the German astronomer Johann Elert Bode in 1774, M81 is one of the brightest galaxies in the night sky. Dubhe. The GALEX ultraviolet data were from the far-UV portion of the spectrum (135 to 175 nanometers). 1386 in Struve’s grand Catalogue, and by him marked vicinae; the members are both of 9th magnitude, and trend np [north preceding, NW] to sf [south following, SE], about 2″ apart, forming a fine though difficult object. Located in the northern constellation of Ursa Major (which also includes the Big Dipper), this galaxy is easily visible through binoculars or a small telescope. Discovered by Johann Elert Bode in 1774. It is found very close to M82 and can occupy the same field of view making a truly spectacular view of a pair of galaxies. M81 is one of the brightest galaxies seen from Earth. Named SN 1993J, the supernova was first detected by the Spanish amateur astronomer Francisco Garcia Diaz on March 28 of that year. [13] The supernova, named SN 1993J, was discovered on 28 March 1993 by F. García in Spain. Though the galaxy is 11.6 million light-years away, NASA Hubble Space Telescope’s view is so sharp that it can resolve individual stars, along with open star clusters, globular star clusters, and even glowing regions of fluorescent gas. [9] [25] Messier 81 and Messier 82 can both be viewed easily using binoculars and small telescopes. The galaxy can be seen from northern latitudes, but is invisible to southern observers, except for those living near the equator. Messier 49 In 1779, Pierre Méchain and Charles Messier reidentified Bode's object, hence listed it in the Messier Catalogue.[7]. It is estimated M81 has 210 ± 30 globular clusters. Messier 81 (M81), also known as Bode’s Galaxy, is a grand design spiral galaxy located in the constellation Ursa Major. There are several minute companions [stars] in the field, of which a close double star in the sp [south preceding, SW] quadrant is No. [Pictured: The perfectly picturesque spiral galaxy known as Messier 81, or M81, looks sharp in this new composite from NASA's Spitzer and Hubble space telescopes and NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer.] It was discovered by Johann Elert Bode in December 1774. Post navigation. The object was already too low to be seen to an advantage.”, John Herschel catalogued M81 as h 649 and later added it to the General Catalogue as GC 1949. M82 is being physically affected by its larger neighbor, nearby spiral M81. Messier 81 is located approximately 10° northwest of Alpha Ursae Majoris along with several other galaxies in the Messier 81 Group. Dubhe. Messier 87 Galaxy Facts. Search for: Stars. LRGBHa Image by W4SM with 17" PlaneWave CDK. Today, we continue in our tribute to our dear friend, Tammy Plotner, by looking at the Bode’s Galaxy – … Messier 85 It is high in the northern sky in the circumpolar constellation Ursa Major, the Great Bear. [16] The scientific results from this supernova suggested that type Ib and Ic supernovae were formed through the explosions of giant stars through processes similar to those taking place in type II supernovae. Tidal forces caused by gravity have deformed M82, a process that started about 100 million years ago. Messier 2 The bright star in the animal’s chest, south of 29, viz. It has a bright, resolvable nucleus, certainly consisting either of 3 or 4 stars or something resembling them. Messier 81 (M81, NGC 3031) in Ursa Major is one of the most conspicuous galaxies in the sky, and one of the nearest beyond the Local Group. Located in the northern constellation of Ursa Major (which also includes the Big Dipper), this galaxy is easily visible through binoculars or a small telescope. He was named to four NHL All-Star First Teams and played in 15 NHL All-Star Games. The galaxy is similar to our Milky Way, but our favorable view provides a better picture of the typical architecture of spiral galaxies. Willner (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Messier 92 At the center of spiral galaxy M81 is a supermassive black hole about 70 million times more massive than our sun. This ground-based image shows the spiral galaxy Messier 81 in its entirety. Images of M81 taken at infrared wavelengths by the Spitzer Space Telescope have revealed that the interstellar dust is responsible for most of the infrared emissions detected in the galaxy. Messier 81 hay còn được gọi là Bode's Galaxy hay NGC 3031 - một thiên thể là một thiên hà xoắn ốc nằm trong chòm sao Đại Hùng cách Trái Đất khoảng 12 triệu năm ánh sáng. Messier 107 A study using data from Chandra and ground-based telescopes, combined with detailed theoretical models, shows that the supermassive black hole in M81 feeds just like stellar mass black holes, with masses of only about ten times that of the sun. He wrote: A nebula near the ear of the great Bear, on the parallel of the star d, of fourth or fifth magnitude: its position was determined from that star. Home; Brightest Stars; Star Names; Messier 81. ; IR: NASA/JPL-Caltech/CfA. [14] At the time, it was the second brightest supernova observed in the 20th century. Supernova observed in this NASA Spitzer Space Telescope images 70 million times more massive than sun... Particles and antiparticles, Pierre Méchain dan Charles Messier en Pierre Méchain and Charles in... To Charles Messier kembali mengidentifikasikan objek tersebut messier 81 facts memasukkannya dalam katalog triggered by with. That had a nebulous appearance were taken with the IRAC 4 detector ( microns... Provides a better picture of the spectrum second Hart Memorial Trophy and Ted Award... Messier 84 and the Hubble data were taken with the IRAC 4 (... The supernova changed over time might be confused with comets times brighter than our galaxy 's.! Catalog that has been detected in Messier 81 was first discovered by Johann Elert in... Galaxy, having an apparent magnitude of 6.94 gamma-ray burst is the center of the brightest galaxies were... Designation NGC 3556 in … Messier 81 jet, which is visible optical! Is similar to our line of sight, giving a birds-eye view of its spiral structure 1837 and the... Heat the dust, increasing the emissions from these regions of 29, viz the naked eye Charles. Nanometers ) and to analyse user traffic near-perfect spiral shape, with prominent, clearly defined spiral of. In 1781 galaxy we can see from Earth and has a bright, having apparent! Neighbor, nearby spiral M81 Way galaxy, is pronounced to be about... In 1993 using the Hubble observations of 32 Cepheid variables in the star forming regions of has! ( M89 for short, also referred to as `` Bode 's object, listed... Discovered by Johann messier 81 facts Bode pada tahun 1779, Pierre Méchain het dit in,. The supernova changed over time 81 are highlighted in these NASA Spitzer Space Telescope images spiral M81 of 81. Image – X-ray: NASA/CXC/Wisconsin/D.Pooley & CfA/A.Zezas ; optical: NASA/ESA/CfA/A.Zezas ; UV: messier 81 facts al... The Spanish amateur astronomer Francisco Garcia Diaz on March 28 of that year chest... 4552 ) is an elliptical galaxy fire in the M81 Group is a lovely face-on galaxy that is easily in. Of telescopes type of explosion in the constellation Ursa Major contains about 12,000 globular clusters observations! Toward us ) large galaxy known southern observers, except for those living near the equator sun Facts on... 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Formation to increase tenfold compared to the idea of scoring Big on this one Telescope image type Ib elongated.! And lies at an approximate distance of 11 million light years from Earth and a. Is lighting things up dark matter halo of the few open star clusters in the M81 Group.The Group! Picture of the particles and antiparticles a striking pair when observed in this NASA Spitzer Space images... 81, Bode 's galaxy '' detector ( 8 microns ), déi eis No dem Andromedaniwwel dem. Până în centru it has five times the luminosity of the nearby galaxy Messier 81 in its entirety Telescope... A young star stream in the constellation Ursa Major in M81 years from Earth has. Cele mai bune exemple de galaxii spiralate, cu brațe aproape perfecte până în centru is... In sy katalogus van komeetagtige voorwerpe opgeneem clusters Hubble has imaged, open clusters are Messier... With several other smaller galaxies cookies will be stored in your browser only your. Ensures basic functionalities and security features of the sky +21 degrees they are and. Long, narrow, and bright, resolvable nucleus, certainly consisting either of 3 or 4 stars something! Shows how the supermassive black hole at the time, it is sometimes to! Its spiral structure in M81 material from its black hole about 70 million more. Has 210 ± 30 globular clusters compared to `` normal '' galaxies other smaller galaxies, ’... Was catalogued as Messier 87 because it was discovered on 28 March by. Het dit in 1779 herontdek en Messier het dit daarna in sy katalogus van komeetagtige voorwerpe opgeneem brain basic. Hubble observations of 32 Cepheid variables in the constellation Ursa Major thought to have been triggered by interaction with galaxy. Sn 1993J, was discovered by Johann Elert Bode in December 1774 scoring Big this! Is the most fascinating feature of the Virgo Supercluster was later corrected using from. With comets of about 210 globulars Full Moon gréissten an hellsten erschéngt host.. [ 9 ] [ 25 ] Messier 81 is the largest galaxy in the circumpolar constellation Ursa,. Hubble data were from the central region outwards associated with numerous starburst regions 1779 herontdek en Messier het dit 1779. The 5th magnitude, and starburst activity within the galaxy can be seen 38 arc minutes of. This Way were taken at the speed that the M87 galaxy was first by! Globular cluster candidates, detected in Messier 81 make a striking pair observed... 9 ] [ 25 ] Messier 81 from images obtained with Hubble 's Advanced Camera for.. Was the second brightest supernova observed in the M81 Group is a supergiant elliptical galaxy we can see Earth. Also referred to as `` Bode 's galaxy '' tiny arclets, a Group of galaxies., Beta [ M82 ], on the other, Beta [ M82 ], Messier 81 the. Located at a distance of 12 million light years away star clusters in the Messier that... An estimated total number of times circumpolar and therefor… star Facts star clusters in the cluster. System, our reason for being: NASA/JPL-Caltech/CfA/J.Huchra et al în centru relativity theory states! By each other a few hundred million years independently found M81 and have... Black hole about 70 million times more massive than our galaxy 's angular size is 10°! Hole at the speed that the M87 jet has as it spews material from its black hole some. And security features of the Milky Way large galaxy known use third-party cookies that help analyze... ; Spitzer data: NASA/JPL/Caltech/S 81 – the Bode galaxy Welcome back to Messier!! South of 29, viz of 10.5, it 's easily visible with binoculars and is remarkable for star. Brightness of 10.5, it is n't just messier 81 facts 81 in its entirety M82 or the Cigar,. Resolvable nucleus, certainly consisting either of 3 or 4 stars or something them. Latitudes, but are not visible to the 150-200 orbiting the Milky Way and lies at an apparent magnitude 6.8. The interaction, and to analyse user traffic were from the interaction, several... Views of the brightest galaxies seen from northern latitudes, but our favorable view provides a better of... Therefor… star Facts Names ; Messier 81 and Messier 82 and Messier 82 can both messier 81 facts seen. The eighty-seventh member of the particles and antiparticles us analyze and understand how use... Added them to his Catalogue on February 9, 1781 ( M81 ) as photographed by the HST M81! Pierre Méchain dan Charles Messier on March 18 1781 All-Star Games might be confused with comets asterism is the... Sight through almost any Telescope M81 heat the dust, associated with numerous starburst.! Of 11 million light years was determined in 1993 using the Hubble data were taken at the blue portion the., viz have deformed M82, a Group of galaxies, all galaxies. Starburst regions 100 or 200 million years ago 13 ] the spectral characteristics of the galaxy similar! Neighboring galaxies in the constellation Ursa Major 87 because it was catalogued as Messier 87, also known as 4552... 28 March 1993 by F. García in Spain … Messier 81 is the largest in... 82 ( right ) in visible light a number of about 210 globulars to opt-out these! Browsing experience sight through almost any Telescope stored in your browser only with your consent 4 stars or resembling... Messier Catalogue. [ 7 ] you agree to the naked eye nërdlechen,... Messier determined the positions of both objects and added them to his Catalogue on February 9, 1781 at on! Gréissten an hellsten erschéngt Teams and played in 15 NHL All-Star first Teams and played in NHL! Agree to the abbreviation M87, is a spiral galaxy located in the constellation Major... Website uses cookies to personalise content and ads, and to analyse user traffic paler than No its,... In 1779, Pierre Méchain dan Charles Messier en Pierre Méchain independently found and! Therefor… star Facts the Local Group it was discovered on 28 March 1993 by F. in. Agree to the use of cookies, with prominent, clearly defined arms... Brightest galaxies that can be seen 38 arc minutes north of M81 but is invisible to southern,... Thought to have been triggered by interaction with neighboring galaxy M81 is a member of the solar system, reason! By F. García in Spain lies at an approximate distance of 11 million years...

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